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Glossary of Melaleuca product ingredient terms and general terms for RM Barry Publications.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | X

A Red Underline means that this is a link to another definition within the glossary.


Alpha-Lipoic Acid
Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant compound naturally produced by the body that acts as a cofactor in the production of energy.
Source: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
It is an ingredient in Melaleuca's CellWise®.
Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. Over months or years, this disease cripples the brain's nerve cells. Alzheimer's disease destroys memory and learning.
Source: Alzheimer's Association.
Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability to reproduce. Heat, chemicals such as chlorine, and antibiotic drugs all have antibacterial properties, as well as T36-C5 or T40-C3 from Melaleuca.
Tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life. Also the name for drugs used to combat bacteria that cause infection.
An agent that is destructive to fungi, suppresses the growth or reproduction of fungi, or is effective against fungal infections. Called also antimycotic.
Source: Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Counteracting or suppressing inflammation, also known as swelling.
An agent that kills microorganisms or suppresses their multiplication or growth.
Source: Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Inhibiting the growth of fungi; antifungal. Melaleuca oil (T36-C5) is known as an antimycotic.
Antioxidants are a broad group of compounds that destroy single oxygen molecules, also called free radicals, in the body, thereby protecting against oxidative damage to cells.
A medicine that reduces the clumping of platelets in the blood. An antiplatelet medicine helps thin the blood to prevent clot formation.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
Source: Medline Plus.
A genus of plants of the family Leguminosae, having many species, some poisonous and others medicinal. Preparations of the root of A. membrana´ceus and other species are used for the treatment of colds and mild infections and in traditional Chinese medicine for a variety of indications.
Source: Dorland's Medical Dictionary.
A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-sized and large arteries as a result of fat deposits (particularly cholesterol) on their inner lining. Risk factors that accelerate this process include: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes and family history for atherosclerotic disease.
Sources: and the On-line Medical Dictionary.

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A bacterial group (and probiotic) that is perceived to exert health-promoting properties within humans, specifically in the colon. Bifidobacterium lactis is included in Melaleuca's Florify®.
European berry shrub that is related to the blueberry, huckleberry, and bearberry plants that grow in the United States. Bilberry is most famous for its long use as a medicine for eye and vision problems. It is an ingredient in Melaleuca's NutraView®.
A very thin book with a small number of pages, generally bound with staples, and with a paper cover, giving information about one topic. RM Barry Publications offers several booklets for sale.
Bookmarking is the process of marking a web site as a favorite as a result of its excellent content or services. You can bookmark this glossary now by holding the "Ctrl" key and pressing "d".
A protein-digesting enzyme that is extracted from the stems of pineapples. It has many health giving properties, especially as an anti-inflammatory and for maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system. It is an ingredient in Melaleuca's Replenex®, Phytomega® and ProVex-Plus® and the PROVEXCV® supplements. (Also typed as provex cv)
Short for Web Browser, a software application used to locate and display web pages. The three most popular browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator.

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An agent capable of initiating development of malignant tumours.
Source: CancerWeb's Online Medical Dictionary.
One of a group of compounds that includes beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin which are converted to vitamin A and are referred to as provitamin A carotenoids. The sole known role of carotenoids is to act as a source of vitamin A in the diet. Fruits and vegetables are the main source of carotenoids in the human diet.
Cellular Receptor
In biochemistry, a receptor is a protein on the cell membrane that binds to a specific molecule (a ligand), such as a neurotransmitter, hormone, or other substance, and initiates the cellular response to the ligand. Not every ligand that binds to a receptor also activates the receptor. The following classes of ligands exist:
  • (Full) agonists are able to activate the receptor and result in a maximal biological response. Most natural ligands are full agonists.
  • Partial agonists are not able to activate the receptor maximally, resulting in a partial biological response compared to a full agonist. (In our research report on sleep, we found that valerian is a partial agonist to the adenosine receptor)
  • Antagonists bind to the receptor but do not activate it. This results in a receptor blockade that inhibits the binding of agonists.
  • Inverse agonists are antagonists that are able to further reduce the receptor activation by decreasing its basal activity.
Cholesterol is a fatty substance (a lipid) that is an important part of the outer lining (membrane) of cells in the body of animals. Cholesterol is also found in the blood circulation of humans. The cholesterol in a person's blood originates from two major sources; dietary intake and liver production. Dietary cholesterol comes mainly from meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products. Organ meats, such as liver, are especially high in cholesterol content, while foods of plant origin contain no cholesterol. After a meal, cholesterol is absorbed by the intestines into the blood circulation and is then packaged inside a protein coat. The liver is capable of removing cholesterol from the blood circulation as well as manufacturing cholesterol and secreting cholesterol into the blood circulation.
Circadian Rhythm
Circadian refers to events occurring within a 24-hour period, in the span of a full (24-hour) day, as in a circadian rhythm. Circadian rhythmicity is a fundamental property possessed by all organisms. These rhythms are driven by an internal time-keeping system: a clock. Changes in the external environment, particularly in the light-dark cycle, entrain this biologic clock. Under constant environmental conditions devoid of time cues, rhythms driven by the clock show a period near, but usually not exactly equal to, 24 hours. Humans have an internal 24-hour clock which regulates our daily activities such as sleep and waking. Difficulties in readjusting our clock causes jet lag, work shift problems and some types of sleep disorders. Circadian clocks affect almost every level of our bodily functions.

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Daily Value (DV)
DV, a term on food labels based on the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) designed to help consumers use food label information to plan a healthy diet.
Dental Caries
Another name for cavities due to tooth decay.
Any of various fungi causing parasitic infections of the skin, hair, or nails.
Docosahexaenoic acid, an essential fatty acid, thought to be important to the development of infants, particularly as regards their eyes and brain. DHA is present in breast milk and has been added to some infant formulas. Postnatal DHA may improve vision and some cognitive functions in infants and toddlers. DHA, an omega-3, is present in abundance in certain fish (such as tuna and bluefish) and marine animal oils.

DHA can be found in Melaleuca's Phytomega® and Prenatal Omega-3 and Unforgettables™.
Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion). The diastolic pressure is specifically the minimum arterial pressure during relaxation and dilatation of the ventricles of the heart when the ventricles fill with blood. In a blood pressure reading, the diastolic pressure is typically the second number recorded. For example, with a blood pressure of 120/80, the diastolic pressure is 80. By "80" is meant 80 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury).
An agent that promotes the excretion of urine.
Dong Quai
The root of Angelica sinensis, used in traditional Chinese medicine for gynecologic disorders. It is an ingredient in Melaleuca's EstrAval®.

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Eicosapentaenoic acid, one of the principal omega-3 fatty acids found almost exclusively
in fish and marine animal oils. The body has a limited ability to manufacture EPA by converting the essential fatty acid, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) which is found in flaxseed oil, canola oil or walnuts.
It can be found in Melaleuca's Phytomega®, Prenatal Omega-3, and Unforgettables™.
A genus of North American herbs (family Compositae) having rough leaves and pinkish-purple, crimson, or yellow ray flowers. E. purpurea is used internally for supportive therapy of colds and infections of the respiratory and lower urinary tract and externally for poorly healing wounds and burns.
Source: Dorlands Medical Dictionary.
Echinacea can be found in Melaleuca's Activate Immune Complex ®
E coli
Escherichia coli, a bacterium that normally resides in the human colon. Most strains of E. coli are quite harmless. However, some strains of E. coli are capable of causing disease, sometimes disease of deadly proportions. Most commonly, E. coli 01257:H7 comes from eating raw or undercooked ground beef (hamburger) or from drinking raw milk or contaminated water. Less commonly, E coli O157:H7 can be transmitted from one person to another.

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The biggest class of antioxidants is flavonoids. Researchers have identified some 5,000 different flavonoids in fruits and vegetables.
Fructo-oligosaccharides. A class of non-digestible carbohydrates or sugars that occur naturally in a wide variety of foods throughout the plant kingdom. Since they are non-digestible, they pass through the human digestive virtually unchanged. When the fructo-oligosaccharides reach the colon, they are used by the good or beneficial bacteria found there (known as bifidobacteria or bifidus) for growth and multiplication.
Melaleuca's Florify® and FiberWise® both include FOS as an ingredient.
Free Radical
A molecule (typically highly reactive) with an unpaired electron that can damage cells, proteins, and DNA by altering their chemical structure.
The plural of fungus.
Any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi.
A lower plant lacking chlorophyll. Fungi are similar to plants, but they cannot make their own food like plants do. Mold, rust, mildew, mushrooms and yeast are fungi.

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Ginkgo Biloba
The Ginkgo is a very hardy tree with no close living relatives. Ginkgo extract seems to have three effects on the human body: it improves blood flow; it protects against oxidative cell damage from free radicals; and it blocks many of the effects of blood clotting.
Source: Wikipedia.

Ginkgo Biloba is an ingredient in Melaleuca's ProVex® ProVex-Plus®, ProvexCV® (Also typed as provex cv), and Unforgettables™.
Glucosamine is a nutritional supplement. Glucosamine may improve symptoms of pain and stiffness in some patients with osteoarthritis.
Glucosamine is an ingredient in Melaleuca's Replenex®.
Golden Staph
Staphylococcus aureus (literally "Golden Cluster Seed") is the most common cause of staph infections, is a spherical bacterium, frequently living on the skin or in the nose of a person, that can cause a range of illnesses from minor skin infections, such as pimples, impetigo, boils, cellulitis and abscesses, to life-threatening diseases, such as pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, Toxic shock syndrome (TSS), and septicemia.
Source: Wikipedia
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed extract contains chemicals known as polyphenols, (including the subclass of proanthocyanidins), which are recognized to be effective antioxidants.
RM Barry Publications offers a booklet, pamphlet, and an audio CD about grape seed extract.
Melaleuca's ProVex®, ProVex-Plus® and ProvexCV® feature grape seed extract as the main ingredient.

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HDL Cholesterol
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol. HDL cholesterol is called the "good cholesterol" because HDL cholesterol particles prevent atherosclerosis by extracting cholesterol from the artery walls and disposing of them through the liver. Thus, high levels of LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL cholesterol (high LDL/HDL ratios) are risk factors for atherosclerosis, while low levels of LDL cholesterol and high levels of HDL cholesterol (low LDL/HDL ratios) are desirable.
Heart Disease
Diseased condition of heart: any medical condition of the heart or the blood vessels supplying it that impairs cardiac functioning.
High Blood Pressure
A common disorder, also known as hypertension, in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater). This condition is considered a risk factor for the development of heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke and kidney disease.
Source: Online Medical Dictionary.
Home Based Business
A home based business is a business whose primary office is in the owner's home. The business can be any size or any type as long as the office itself is located in a home.
Household Chemicals
Household chemicals are chemicals that are commonly found and used in and around the average household, like bleach, drain cleaner, detergent, and paint thinner.
Source: Wikipedia.
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a code language that is used to build an HTML webpage. A web browser such as Internet Explorer renders the code and displays it as user friendly text and images to the user.
HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. It is a protocol that is used to enable data transfer between the web server and the user's browser. All website URLs have to start with this.
Hyperlinks are addresses of websites or web pages. Users can click on these links to take them to the desired web page, as a form of navigation within the given web site, or as a means to visit a different web site.
High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding a systolic pressure above 140 with a diastolic pressure above 90.

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A response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat.
In Vivo
Refers to biological processes that take place within a living organism or cell. Latin phrase meaning "in life."
In Vitro
Literally, "In glass." Tests done in an artificial environment, such as a test tube, such as in experimental research to study a disease or process.

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Lactobacillus Acidophilus
The bacteria found in milk and fermented milk products, particularly yogurt with "live cultures." It assists with the digestive process within the intestinal tract. As a probiotic, it is included in Melaleuca's Florify®.
LDL Cholesterol
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is called "bad" cholesterol, because elevated levels of LDL cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. LDL lipoprotein deposits cholesterol on the artery walls, causing the formation of a hard, thick substance called cholesterol plaque. Over time, cholesterol plaque causes thickening of the artery walls and narrowing of the arteries, a process called atherosclerosis.
An organochlorine insecticide that has been used as a pediculicide and a scabicide. (Meaning it kills head lice and scabies.) It has been shown to cause cancer.
A lipid is formally defined as a substance such as a fat, oil or wax that dissolves in alcohol but not in water. Lipids contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen but have far less oxygen proportionally than carbohydrates.
Lipids are an important part of living cells. Together with carbohydrates and proteins, lipids are the main constituents of plant and animal cells. Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids. Lipids are easily stored in the body. They serve as a source of fuel and are an important constituent of the structure of cells.
Lipids include fatty acids, neutral fats, waxes and steroids (like cortisone). Compound lipids (lipids complexed with another type of chemical compound) comprise the lipoproteins, glycolipids and phospholipids.

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Marketing Executive
Title given to a Melaleuca preferred customer who has decided to build a home based business with Melaleuca.
Melaleuca, The Wellness Company, often called simply "Melaleuca," is a $859 million nutritional, cosmetic, and personal care products company founded in 1985 and headquartered in Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA, known for consumer direct marketing.
Melaleuca Alternifolia
Oil derived from the leaf of the tree of the same name; often called the Tea Tree. The active components are thought to be terpinen-4-ol, alpha-terpineol, and alpha-pinene. Tea tree oil has demonstrated in vitro antimicrobial activity.
A microscopic organism, including bacteria, protozoans, yeast, viruses, and algae.
Source: EPA
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. Resistant bacteria: a strain of a common infection-causing bacterium that has become resistant to treatment by the antibiotic methicillin and is therefore a hazard in places such as hospitals.
Source: MSN Dictionary
Any disease caused by a fungus.
Pertaining to a mycosis, caused by fungi.

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A chemical that is released from a nerve cell which thereby transmits an impulse from a nerve cell to another nerve, muscle, organ, or other tissue. A neurotransmitter is a messenger of neurologic information from one cell to another.

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Any of several polyunsaturated fatty acids found in leafy green vegetables, vegetable oils, and fish such as salmon and mackerel, capable of reducing serum cholesterol levels and having anticoagulant properties.
Operating System
The low-level software which handles the interface to peripheral hardware, schedules tasks, allocates storage, and presents a default interface to the user when no application program is running. Examples of an operating system are Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows Vista, and Mac OS 10.
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder. The chronic disease causes the cushioning (cartilage) between the bone joints to wear away, leading to pain and stiffness. It can also cause new pieces of bone, called bone spurs, to grow around the joints.
Source: Medline Plus
Osteoporosis, the most common type of bone disease, is the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time. There are currently an estimated 10 million Americans suffering from osteoporosis, as well as another 18 million who have low bone mass, or osteopenia. Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, or when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both.
Source: Medline Plus
Outbound Links
These are hyperlinks in websites that point to another website. RM Barry Publications research reports have many outbound links pointing to non-Melaleuca sponsored research on topics of interest to Melaleuca business builders.
Oxidative Stress
Oxidative stress occurs when the body's supply of antioxidants is not sufficient to neutralize the adverse chemical reactions of free radicals. Hundreds of studies show that oxidative stress is the root cause of as many as 60 chronic degenerative diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, stroke, Alzheimer's, arthritis, macular degeneration, lupus, MS, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue.

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A short printed publication that is unbound, often written to inform on some topic or to address a controversial public issue. RM Barry Publications got its start with pamphlets!
Passion Flower
The Passion Flowers are so named from the supposed resemblance of the finely-cut corona in the centre of the blossoms to the Crown of Thorns and of the other parts of the flower to the instruments of the Passion of Our Lord. The drug is known to be a depressant to the motor side of the spinal cord, slightly reducing arterial pressure, though affecting circulation but little, while increasing the rate of respiration. It is official in homoeopathic medicine and used with bromides, it is said to be of great service in epilepsy. Its narcotic properties cause it to be used in diarrhoea and dysentery, neuralgia, and sleeplessness.
Source, A Modern Herbal-
Passion Flower is an ingredient in Melaleuca's ProStolic and the Melaleuca Herbal Tea.
Causing disease or capable of doing it. Pathogenic bacteria are disease-causing bacteria. For example, pathogenic E. coli are E. coli that are not innocuous (like most E. coli) but can make a person ill and even kill them. The word "pathogenic" comes from two Greek roots: "pathos" (disease) + "genesis" (bringing into being) = literally, bringing disease into being.
PDF stands for Portable Document Format. This type of file enables the web site publisher to show a page exactly as it was meant to be viewed, unlike HTML, where the design depends on the type and version of the web browser.
A pyrethroid insecticide applied topically in the treatment of infestations by Pediculus humanus capitis (head lice), Sarcoptes scabiei (scabies), and various species of ticks; also applied to objects such as bedding and furniture. In veterinary medicine, used in ear tags for cattle to combat biting flies and in flea collars for cats and dogs.
Source: Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Phosphatidylserine (PS or PtdSer) is a phospholipid nutrient found in fish, green leafy vegetables, soybeans, and rice, and is essential for the normal functioning of neuronal cell membranes, activating protein kinase C (PKC), which has been shown to be involved in memory function. Because of the potential cognitive benefits of phosphatidylserine, the substance is sold as a dietary supplement to people that feel they can benefit from an increased intake.
Source: Wikipedia
Any of numerous lipids in which phosphoric acid as well as a fatty acid is esterified to glycerol and which are found in all living cells and in the bilayers of cell membranes.
Source: Merriam-Webster Online
Also known as plant sterols, have a similar chemical structure to cholesterol, but the way the body metabolizes each of them is completely different. Phytosterols can actually block the absorption of cholesterol and help it to be eliminated naturally, through the system, thereby reducing the amount of cholesterol circulating in the blood stream.
Melaleuca's Phytomega® includes phytosterols as an ingredient.
A "sugar pill" or any dummy medication or treatment. For example, in a controlled clinical trial, one group may be given a real medication while another group is given a placebo that looks just like it in order to learn if the differences observed are due to the medication or to the power of suggestion. Placebos are widely used in drug trials.
A kind of chemical that (at least in theory) may protect against some common health problems and possibly certain effects of aging. Polyphenols act as antioxidants. They protect cells and body chemicals against damage caused by free radicals, reactive atoms that contribute to tissue damage in the body. All tea contains polyphenols.
Polysomnography is a comprehensive recording of the biophysiological changes that occur during sleep. The PSG monitors many body functions including brain (EEG), eye movements (EOG), muscle activity or skeletal muscle activation (EMG), heart rhythm (ECG), and breathing function or respiratory effort during sleep. The name is derived from Greek and Latin roots: 'poly' (many, Greek), 'somnus' (sleep, Latin), and 'graphein' (to write, Greek).
Food substances intended to promote the growth of certain bacteria in the intestines. Melaleuca's Fiberwise® includes prebiotic ingredients.
Oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPC): a class of flavonoids. It was discovered in 1936 by Professor Jacques Masquelier and called Vitamin P, although this name did not gain official category status and has since fallen out of usage. It was Masquelier who first developed techniques for the extraction of Proanthocyanidins from certain plant species. Proanthocyanidins have been sold as nutritional and therapeutic supplements in Europe since the 1980s, but their introduction to the United States market has been relatively recent. Proanthocyanidins can be found in many plants, most notably pine bark, grape seed, grape skin, and red wines of Vitis vinifera. However, bilberry, cranberry, black currant, green tea, black tea, and other plants also contain these flavonoids.
Source: Wikipedia
Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast, with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as the most common microbes used. Probiotic bacterial cultures are intended to assist the body's naturally occurring gut flora to reestablish themselves. Both Fiberwise® and Florify® have probiotic ingredients.
Resinous substance obtained from beehives; contains many different substances which may have antimicrobial or antimycotic activity topically; its extracts are called propolis resin or balsam.
Source: Online Medical Dictionary
Breath-Away® Mouth Rinse, Tooth Polish, Cool Shot® Breath Spray and Sugarless Gum, and Hot Shot® Breath Spray and Sugarless Gum are the Melaleuca products with propolis as an ingredient.
Itching. It could be from a drug reaction, food allergy, kidney or liver disease, cancers, parasites (such as head lice), aging or dry skin, or a contact skin reaction such as poison ivy.

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Quercetin belongs to a group of plant pigments called flavonoids that are largely responsible for the colors of many fruits, flowers, and vegetables. It is included in Melaleuca's ProvexCV® Grape Flavanoid Supplement. (Also typed as provex cv.)

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Research Report
The research reports here at RM Barry Publications are meant to investigate the existing scientific experiments on the ingredients chosen by Melaleuca for many of their supplements.

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Salicylic acid
A substance obtained from plants (white willow back and wintergreen leaves) and also synthesized which is versatile and possesses bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions. Salicylic acid is used as a food preservative and as an antiseptic in toothpaste. It is a peeling agent in ointments, creams, gels, and shampoos applied to reduce the scaling of the skin or scalp in psoriasis. It is the active ingredient in many skin products for the treatment of acne since it causes skin cells to slough off more readily, preventing them from clogging up the pores.
It is an ingredient in Melaleuca's Zap-it!® products
In the United States SAM is sold as a nutritional supplement under the marketing name SAM-e (also spelled SAME or SAMe; pronounced "sam ee"). Some research has shown that taking SAM on a regular basis can help fight depression, liver disease, and the pain of osteoarthritis.
Source: Wikipedia.
Melaleuca's CellWise® uses SAMe as an ingredient.
A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope, Staphylococcus bacteria are round and bunched together. They can cause illness directly by infection, or indirectly through products they make, such as the toxins responsible for food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome. The best known member of the Staphylococcus family is Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus are the main culprit in hospital-acquired infections, and cause thousands of deaths every year.
The sudden death of some brain cells due to a lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. High blood pressure is the most important controllable risk factor for stroke. People with coronary heart disease or heart failure have a higher risk of stroke than those with hearts that work normally.
Source: American Heart Association.
A remedy which has an action similar to that of another remedy, and hence increases the efficiency of that remedy when combined with it.
Source: - The On-Line Medical Dictionary.
The blood pressure when the heart is contracting. It is specifically the maximum arterial pressure during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. The time at which ventricular contraction occurs is called systole (from the Greek systole meaning "a drawing together or a contraction."). In a blood pressure reading, the systolic pressure is typically the first number recorded. For example, with a blood pressure of 120/80, the systolic pressure is 120. By "120" is meant 120 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury).

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A phenol obtained from thyme oil or other volatile oils; used as a stabilizer in pharmaceutical preparations. It has been used for its antiseptic, antibacterial, and antifungal actions. It is the main ingredient in Melaleuca's Sol-U-Guard Botanical®.
Name given to vitamin E by its discoverer, but now a generic term for vitamin E and compounds chemically related to it, with or without biological activity. Mixed tocopherols concentrate, a source of vitamin E, is obtained by vacuum distillation of edible vegetable oils or their by-products. It is an antioxidant.
Involving something poisonous: relating to or containing a poison or toxin. Deadly: causing serious harm or death.
A poison produced by a living organism, or a substance that accumulates in the body and causes it harm.

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Volatile Oil
Tending to evaporate rapidly; readily vaporizable at low temperature.

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A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from xylose by reduction of the carbonyl group; it is as sweet as sucrose and is used as a noncariogenic (non-cavity causing) sweetener and also as a sugar substitute in diabetic diets.
Source: Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Xylitol is the sweetener used in Melaleuca's Hot Shot® and Cool Shot® Sugarless Gum. Some non-sugar sweeteners, such as sorbitol, can be metabolized by oral bacteria, which increases acidic compounds in the mouth and attacks tooth enamel. Maltitol and xylitol are safer to use.


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